The Energy - Transportation Nexus & Personalised Public Transportation

05 Aug
Tuesday, 08/05/2014 7:00am to 8:00am

Shivkumar Kalyanaraman
IBM Research - Australia

Computer Science Building, Room 151

Faculty Host: Prashant Shenoy

The Energy (Smart Grid) and Transportation Industries are coming together very quickly, as evidenced by the recent Gigafactory Announcement by Tesla Motors. At IBM Research, we are developing decentralized smarter planet solutions to help intermediate this nexus - so that these solutions can be created either purely in the customer domain or by forward-thinking utilities.  IBM has developed critical intellectual property in this domain in service of the broader vision. The vision includes the creation of generalized energy storage capabilities (including batteries, virtual storage, decentralzed demand response, and renewable generation modulation) and decentralized orchestration of these capabilities so that critical assets (eg: costly batteries) can be seamlessly shared between their smart grid function and their transportation functions; and to facilitate space-time arbitrage and shifting of energy. The solutions will be applicable and customizable to both emerging markets and major markets, and support transformative business models. One such transformative business model is described below. 

IBM Research - Australia is developing a new model for urban and suburban transportation which builds upon recent trends in vehicle sharing, electric vehicles, mobile payments and incentives and autonomous vehicles. The goal is to build on the best of the worlds of private and public transportation. Private transportation offers ownership, remarkable flexibility, convenience, but is higher cost, and subject to externalities (traffic jams, pollution). Public transport is efficient, cheaper and has lower energy footprint; but has a last-mile problem (access) and lower spatio-temporal coverage in suburbia. We envisage a future model of leasing public transportation via a service similar to telecom/ cell phone services where the user pays for convenience and sharing of a network. The vehicular platform allows the entire fleet to be operated and managed via a cloud computing service; and indeed apply cloud computing principles to transportation (eg: treat vehicles similar to virtual machines; and manage the indirection/binding between people and vehicles in a flexible manner over space and time to maximize convenience and minimize cost). The platform also allows the ability to experiment with framing of choices for users, incentives (eg: choice of routes with frequent flyer miles), and linkages between transportation and commerce. 

Speaker Bio:  Shivkumar Kalyanaraman serves as the Chief Scientist of IBM Research - Australia. Previously he was a Senior Manager of the Next Gen Systems & Smarter Planet Solutions Department at IBM India Research Labs, Bangalore. He also served as a Manager of the Next Generation Telecom Research group and a Research Staff Member since 2008. Before joining IBM, he was a Professor at the Department of Electrical, Computer and Systems Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, NY. He received a B.Tech degree in Computer Science from the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India in July 1993, followed by M.S. and Ph.D. degrees at the Ohio State University in 1994 and 1997 respectively. He also holds an Executive M.B.A. (EMBA) degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (2005). His current research in IBM is at the intersection of emerging wireless technologies and IBM middleware and systems technologies with applications to large-scale smarter planet problems (natural resources, energy, water, network traffic etc). He was selected by MIT's Technology Review Magazine in 1999 as one of the top 100 young innovators for the new millenium. He served as the TPC Co-chair of IEEE INFOCOM 2008, and General co-chair of ACM SIGCOMM 2010 in New Delhi. He served on the editorial board of IEEE/ACM Transactions of Networking. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, and an ACM Distinguished Scientist. He is a visiting professor at Universiti Brunei Darussalam, where he co-founded and till recently directed the UBD | IBM Centre, a nationally significant Smarter Planet collaboration between the country of Brunei and IBM.